# LTS Termination Proof

by T2Cert

## Input

Integer Transition System
• Initial Location: 3
• Transitions: (pre-variables and post-variables)  0 0 1: 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg3P ≤ 0 ∧ 1 − arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1P + arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ arg1P − arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2P + arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2P − arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg3P + arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ arg3P − arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg4P + arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ arg4P − arg4 ≤ 0 1 1 2: 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 1 + arg1 − arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2 − arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2 + arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1P + arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ arg1P − arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2 − arg3P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2 + arg3P ≤ 0 ∧ arg1 − arg4P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1 + arg4P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1P + arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ arg1P − arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg3P + arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ arg3P − arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg4P + arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ arg4P − arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2P + arg2P ≤ 0 ∧ arg2P − arg2P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2 + arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2 − arg2 ≤ 0 2 2 1: 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2 − arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2 − arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2 + arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1P + arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ arg1P − arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ arg1 − arg2P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1 + arg2P ≤ 0 ∧ arg2 − arg3P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2 + arg3P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1P + arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ arg1P − arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2P + arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2P − arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg3P + arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ arg3P − arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg4P + arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ arg4P − arg4 ≤ 0 2 3 2: 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 1 − arg2 + arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2 − arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2 + arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ −1 − arg1P + arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ 1 + arg1P − arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ −1 − arg2P + arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ 1 + arg2P − arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ −1 + arg2 − arg3P ≤ 0 ∧ 1 − arg2 + arg3P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1P + arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ arg1P − arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2P + arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2P − arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg3P + arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ arg3P − arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg4P + arg4P ≤ 0 ∧ arg4P − arg4P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg4 + arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ arg4 − arg4 ≤ 0 3 4 0: 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1P + arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ arg1P − arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2P + arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2P − arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg3P + arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ arg3P − arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg4P + arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ arg4P − arg4 ≤ 0

## Proof

### 1 Switch to Cooperation Termination Proof

We consider the following cutpoint-transitions:
 1 5 1: − arg4P + arg4P ≤ 0 ∧ arg4P − arg4P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg4 + arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ arg4 − arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg3P + arg3P ≤ 0 ∧ arg3P − arg3P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg3 + arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ arg3 − arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2P + arg2P ≤ 0 ∧ arg2P − arg2P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2 + arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2 − arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1P + arg1P ≤ 0 ∧ arg1P − arg1P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1 + arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ arg1 − arg1 ≤ 0 2 12 2: − arg4P + arg4P ≤ 0 ∧ arg4P − arg4P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg4 + arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ arg4 − arg4 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg3P + arg3P ≤ 0 ∧ arg3P − arg3P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg3 + arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ arg3 − arg3 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2P + arg2P ≤ 0 ∧ arg2P − arg2P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg2 + arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ arg2 − arg2 ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1P + arg1P ≤ 0 ∧ arg1P − arg1P ≤ 0 ∧ − arg1 + arg1 ≤ 0 ∧ arg1 − arg1 ≤ 0
and for every transition t, a duplicate t is considered.

### 2 Transition Removal

We remove transitions 0, 4 using the following ranking functions, which are bounded by −13.

 3: 0 0: 0 1: 0 2: 0 3: −4 0: −5 1: −6 2: −6 1_var_snapshot: −6 1*: −6 2_var_snapshot: −6 2*: −6
Hints:
 6 lexWeak[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 13 lexWeak[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 1 lexWeak[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 2 lexWeak[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 3 lexWeak[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 0 lexStrict[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] , [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 4 lexStrict[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] , [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ]

### 3 Location Addition

The following skip-transition is inserted and corresponding redirections w.r.t. the old location are performed.

1* 8 1: arg4P + arg4P ≤ 0arg4Parg4P ≤ 0arg4 + arg4 ≤ 0arg4arg4 ≤ 0arg3P + arg3P ≤ 0arg3Parg3P ≤ 0arg3 + arg3 ≤ 0arg3arg3 ≤ 0arg2P + arg2P ≤ 0arg2Parg2P ≤ 0arg2 + arg2 ≤ 0arg2arg2 ≤ 0arg1P + arg1P ≤ 0arg1Parg1P ≤ 0arg1 + arg1 ≤ 0arg1arg1 ≤ 0

### 4 Location Addition

The following skip-transition is inserted and corresponding redirections w.r.t. the old location are performed.

1 6 1_var_snapshot: arg4P + arg4P ≤ 0arg4Parg4P ≤ 0arg4 + arg4 ≤ 0arg4arg4 ≤ 0arg3P + arg3P ≤ 0arg3Parg3P ≤ 0arg3 + arg3 ≤ 0arg3arg3 ≤ 0arg2P + arg2P ≤ 0arg2Parg2P ≤ 0arg2 + arg2 ≤ 0arg2arg2 ≤ 0arg1P + arg1P ≤ 0arg1Parg1P ≤ 0arg1 + arg1 ≤ 0arg1arg1 ≤ 0

### 5 Location Addition

The following skip-transition is inserted and corresponding redirections w.r.t. the old location are performed.

2* 15 2: arg4P + arg4P ≤ 0arg4Parg4P ≤ 0arg4 + arg4 ≤ 0arg4arg4 ≤ 0arg3P + arg3P ≤ 0arg3Parg3P ≤ 0arg3 + arg3 ≤ 0arg3arg3 ≤ 0arg2P + arg2P ≤ 0arg2Parg2P ≤ 0arg2 + arg2 ≤ 0arg2arg2 ≤ 0arg1P + arg1P ≤ 0arg1Parg1P ≤ 0arg1 + arg1 ≤ 0arg1arg1 ≤ 0

### 6 Location Addition

The following skip-transition is inserted and corresponding redirections w.r.t. the old location are performed.

2 13 2_var_snapshot: arg4P + arg4P ≤ 0arg4Parg4P ≤ 0arg4 + arg4 ≤ 0arg4arg4 ≤ 0arg3P + arg3P ≤ 0arg3Parg3P ≤ 0arg3 + arg3 ≤ 0arg3arg3 ≤ 0arg2P + arg2P ≤ 0arg2Parg2P ≤ 0arg2 + arg2 ≤ 0arg2arg2 ≤ 0arg1P + arg1P ≤ 0arg1Parg1P ≤ 0arg1 + arg1 ≤ 0arg1arg1 ≤ 0

### 7 SCC Decomposition

We consider subproblems for each of the 1 SCC(s) of the program graph.

### 7.1 SCC Subproblem 1/1

Here we consider the SCC { 1, 2, 1_var_snapshot, 1*, 2_var_snapshot, 2* }.

### 7.1.1 Transition Removal

We remove transitions 1, 3 using the following ranking functions, which are bounded by 0.

 1: −3 − 5⋅arg1 + 5⋅arg3 2: 2⋅arg2 − arg3 − arg4 1_var_snapshot: −3 − 5⋅arg1 + 5⋅arg3 1*: −3 − 5⋅arg1 + 5⋅arg3 2_var_snapshot: 2⋅arg2 − arg3 − arg4 2*: 2⋅arg2 − arg3 − arg4
Hints:
 6 lexWeak[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 5, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 5] ] 8 lexWeak[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 5, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 5] ] 13 lexWeak[ [0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 15 lexWeak[ [0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 1 lexStrict[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 4, 5, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 2, 0] , [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 5, 5, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 2 lexWeak[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 4, 0, 1, 5, 0, 0, 0, 0, 5, 0, 5, 0, 0, 5, 0, 0, 0] ] 3 lexStrict[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1] , [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ]

### 7.1.2 Transition Removal

We remove transitions 6, 8, 13, 2 using the following ranking functions, which are bounded by −3.

 1: −2 2: 1 1_var_snapshot: −3 1*: −1 2_var_snapshot: 0 2*: 2
Hints:
 6 lexStrict[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] , [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 8 lexStrict[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] , [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 13 lexStrict[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] , [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 15 lexWeak[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ] 2 lexStrict[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] , [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ]

### 7.1.3 Transition Removal

We remove transition 15 using the following ranking functions, which are bounded by −1.

 1: 0 2: −1 1_var_snapshot: 0 1*: 0 2_var_snapshot: 0 2*: 0
Hints:
 15 lexStrict[ [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] , [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0] ]

### 7.1.4 Splitting Cut-Point Transitions

We consider 2 subproblems corresponding to sets of cut-point transitions as follows.

### 7.1.4.1 Cut-Point Subproblem 1/2

Here we consider cut-point transition 5.

### 7.1.4.1.1 Splitting Cut-Point Transitions

There remain no cut-point transition to consider. Hence the cooperation termination is trivial.

### 7.1.4.2 Cut-Point Subproblem 2/2

Here we consider cut-point transition 12.

### 7.1.4.2.1 Splitting Cut-Point Transitions

There remain no cut-point transition to consider. Hence the cooperation termination is trivial.

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